Emergency crews struggled today to contain bushfires that have scorched hundreds of square kilometres of land in four states, killing six people and forcing thousands of others to flee their homes ahead of the wind-whipped flames.
Fires burned in parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas and Colorado, and warnings that conditions were ripe were issued for Iowa, Missouri and Nebraska, even after powerful thunderstorms moved through the middle of the country overnight, spawning dozens of suspected tornadoes, according to the National Weather Service.
Kansas and Oklahoma
Kansas bushfires have burned about 1620 sq km of land and killed one person. The Kansas Highway Patrol said Corey Holt, of Oklahoma City, died when his tractor-trailer jackknifed as he tried to back up because of poor visibility on southern Kansas highway, and he succumbed to smoke after getting out of his vehicle.
The vast majority of the state's burned land is in Clark County, where 30 structures were damaged, said Allison Kuhns, a spokeswoman for the county's emergency management office. About half of those structures are near the small city of Englewood, which was one of two communities evacuated. Kuhns said there also have been significant cattle losses and that entire ranches were engulfed.Two SUVs crashed into the truck, injuring six people who were taken to hospitals, state trooper Michael Racy said.
That fire originated across the state border in Oklahoma, where it burned an estimated 1010 sq km in Beaver County. Officials say a separate fire has scorched more than 400 sq km of land in neighbouring Harper County and taken the life of a woman who had a heart attack while trying to keep her farm near Buffalo from burning.
The largest evacuations elsewhere were in Reno County, Kansas, where 10,000 to 12,000 people voluntarily left their homes yesterday, said Katie Horner, a spokeswoman for the state's Department of Emergency Management. She said 66 people from the area were in shelters in Hutchinson, 65km northwest of Wichita.
Among them was Shelley Wilson, who fled yesterday with her disabled son and pets from a blaze that was encircling her farm outside of Hutchinson. She returned later that night with her adult daughter to retrieve her tractor.
"I don't know if I have a home to go home to," Wilson said at the shelter today as her daughter did her best to lighten her mood. "In case I needed to rebuild, I wanted to at least have my tractor."
Retiree Sheryl Stessen said she grabbed her cat and bolted from her apartment on the outskirts of Hutchinson when she saw the fire quickly go from looking like a puff of smoke to a big, orange ball.
"Most of us are generally grumpy," she said. "I just want to go home."
Several hundred more people evacuated their homes in Russell, Ellsworth and Comanche counties, in central Kansas.
In the Texas Panhandle, three fires have burned about 1295 sq km of land and killed at least four people. One of the blazes near Amarillo threatened about 150 homes, while a larger fire in the northeast corner of the Panhandle near the Oklahoma border was 50 per cent contained, according to Texas A&M Forest Service. That larger fire was responsible for a death, authorities said without providing further details.
A bushfire in Gray County, also in the Texas Panhandle, killed three ranch hands who were trying to usher cattle away from the flames, said Judge Richard Peet, the county's head administrator.
One of the three apparently died of smoke inhalation and the other two were badly burned and died on the way to hospitals, he said.
Forest Service spokesman Phillip Truitt said as many as four firefighters were hurt battling the fires. He provided no details on their conditions today.
In northeastern Colorado near the Nebraska border, firefighters were battling a blaze that had burned more than 45 square miles and was 50 per cent contained. Officials said the fire had destroyed at least five homes and 15 outbuildings, though no serious injuries were reported.
Dry conditions and strong winds had put the region at risk for bushfires, said Denise Gutzmer, a drought impact specialist for the National Drought Mitigation Centre at the University of Nebraska in Lincoln.
The amount of Kansas and Oklahoma in what's classified as modified or severe drought also has intensified, with the entire eastern half of Colorado in various degrees of drought, according to the Nebraska centre, which tracks US drought conditions weekly.
In Kansas' case, after several years of drought, most of the state got good to great rain the last two summers, which is good for cattle but bad for firefighters, as the taller grass provides more fuel to burn.
"That (vegetation-boosting rainfall) is great, but that can bite later on when things dry out," Gutzmer said.
Tall grass burns fast and hot, and grass that's compacted on the ground smolders for long periods and can re-ignite the fires. This year in Kansas, there are both.